Hicks, Brock. Africa is a Country
Ruto's Climate Contradictions and the Green Growth Lie
This is a two-part series on how Ruto has used his climate policies to further his own agenda. In part one, I discuss his climate contradictions across crucial sectors, how he has positioned himself as the pan-African climate champion, and his embrace of carbon markets. In part two, I analyze how he is using the ideology of green growth to profit from climate emergency. I then consider alternatives to green growth for a more just transition in Africa.
Hicks, Brock. Self-published
At the Africa Climate Summit, I convened and moderated a panel discussion with an important cross-section of of parties involved in informal settlement upgrading in Nairobi, a city that is pioneering groundbreaking practices for integrated, inclusive and pro-poor urban planning and development. We focused on two main questions: Is urban upgrading climate adaptation? And, what are the opportunities, challenges and risks when translating key strategies used in the Mukuru Special Planning Area to other settlements in Nairobi and in cities across Africa? I also discuss how the depoliticised Nairobi Declaration falls short in terms of planning with instead of for the urban poor and how we must be pragmatic instead of normative, meeting people where they are.
Hicks, Brock. Enduring Planet
A variety of content marketing blogs
Produced 850-word blogs at the intersection of climate, startups, and fundraising for a leading provider of non-dilutive financing. Blogs were based on 30-minute audio recordings of conversations with various experts on each topic.
Links to blogs
Top selection02.21.2023 12.20.2022 11.29.2022 11.22.2022
Others05.16.2023 04.20.2023 04.04.2023 03.21.2023 03.07.2023 02.14.2023 01.24.2023 01.03.2023 12.06.2022 08.16.2022 08.02.2022 07.19.2022 07.12.2022 06.14.2022 05.31.2022 05.17.2022
Hicks, Brock, and Michael Lens. Education and Urban Society
charter schools • school enrollments • race • school choice
The meteoric rise in charter schools has several implications for traditional public schools and their students. One understudied implication is the geographic competition for students. Given traditional public school boundaries are often fixed while charter school boundaries are more flexible, charter schools can draw students away from existing traditional public schools, and we have very little information about how distance matters in the competition for students. Because of this, traditional public schools and school districts have little ability to plan for enrollment changes in the face of charter school growth. Our paper uses data on enrollments and demographics in all charter and traditional public schools in Los Angeles from 2000 to 2013 to better understand these dynamics. We find that traditional public school enrollments clearly decline with competition from nearby charter schools. However, we also observe that charter schools tend to locate where traditional public school enrollments are on the decline. Competition is more relevant for elementary schools at short distances—within about 1 mi appears to be where the associations between charter school enrollments and TPS enrollment declines are the strongest. For middle and high schools, those connections are apparent within 2 to 6 mi in some models.
Hicks, Brock, and Joe DiStefano. UrbanFootprint
Corporate site selection involves an iterative analysis of several costs, benefits, and trade-offs through a geospatial lens. Today’s companies want to be sure their next location will be cost-effective, attractive to top talent, and supportive to long-term business growth. Without the right tools at your disposal, this type of analysis typically requires extensive knowledge in both data science and GIS, and often demands a time-intensive data collection process. In this blog, we’ll show you how UrbanFootprint helps businesses analyze location decisions for expansion or relocation with no GIS training required.
Hicks, Brock. Center for Cities and Schools, Institute for Urban and Regional Development, UC Berkeley
The number—and the proportion—of students enrolled in charter schools (independently run public schools) is increasing nationwide, particularly in urban school districts. Policymakers have long prescribed new institutional forms as solutions to persistent public policy issues. Market-oriented educational reformers favor charter schools as the answer to the problems in urban public school systems; public and private funds available for constructing and running charter schools continue to increase. Research on student performance in charter schools (CS) compared to traditional public schools (TPS) has found mixed results. For example, the 2013 study from the CREDO Institute at Stanford University found that charter schools outperform TPS in reading and are comparable in math. Researchers have also found that charter schools affect enrollment patterns, segregation, and performance in nearby traditional public schools (see the full report for details).
However, there is little analysis about how charter schools may affect neighborhoods. It is well understood that school quality is an important factor in how households select neighborhoods in which to live, but little is known about how charter schools affect neighborhood change and household location choice. Could the advent of a charter school draw households with relatively higher incomes, and distinct sociodemographic characteristics, to move into lower-income neighborhoods? Could the search for higher-quality schools outside a household’s neighborhood be the first step in eventual relocation? Could households with school-age children be agents of neighborhood change and new gentrifiers? Or conversely, are startup charter schools opening in already gentrifying neighborhoods? And whether they emerge before, after or during, what role might charter schools play in affecting neighborhood change?
Hicks, Brock. Food First/Institute for Food and Development Policy
On February 21st, 69 organizations submitted a letter to President Barack Obama in support of continued funding for Public Law 480 (also known as Food for Peace) and Food for Progress international food aid programs in the FY 2014 budget and opposing rumored proposals to shift resources to local and regional commodity procurement. The signatory organizations were comprised almost exclusively of the iron triangle of US food aid spending recipients (the US agribusiness, shipping, and international development industries). Funding, which is attached to the Farm Bill, has been reauthorized by President Obama under Title VII of the fiscal cliff legislation through this September. However, these food aid programs depend on congressional appropriations, which have only been approved through March 27th. Big changes, or more of the same, could be in store for food aid legislation in the near future.